Advanced Sea Surface Target Detection System for Shipborne VHF Radar in Log Periodic Dipole Array Antenna
D. M. K. Chaitanya1, G. Santhosh Kumar2, D. KhalandarBasha3

1Dr. D. M. K. Chaitanya*, Associate Professor, Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, Vardhaman College of Engineering, Hyderabad (Telangana) India.
2Mr. Gangishetti Santhosh Kumar, Assistant Professor, CVR College of Engineering , Hyderabad (Telangana) India.
3Mr. D. Khalandar Basha, Associate Professor, Department of ECE, Institute of Aeronautical Engineering, Dundigal, Hyderabad, (Telangana) India.
Manuscript received on December 15, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on December 22, 2019. | Manuscript published on January 10, 2020. | PP: 1422-1425 | Volume-9 Issue-3, January 2020. | Retrieval Number: B7559129219/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.B7559.019320
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Abstract: While navigating in sea target detection is an important problem in modern era communication. In the ocean to detect moving targets and to analyze active variables such as wind, waves and current we can make use of Very High Frequency Ground Wave Radar (VHFGWR). In shipborne VHFGWR the brag spectra widened by Doppler Effect of the ship motion, due to this vessel echo easily merged. An orthogonal projection method to suppress the extended Brag spectra using a log periodic dipole array is proposed in this paper. The advanced technique majorly covers two stages: 1) by utilizing sea echo parameters calculate the approximation of sea clutter in spatial domain and 2) design multi frequency classification Doppler bins method to suppress the extended Brag spectra. After echo suppression, for target detection we can use different algorithms. Simulation result gives a proof that signal- to- clutter noise ratio (SCR) is developed and sea clutter got removed. This method gives very good target detection for shipborne VHF radar.
Keywords: Very High Frequency Ground Wave radar (VHFGWR), Signal-to-clutter ratio (SCR), log Periodic Dipole Antenna.
Scope of the Article: Frequency selective surface