Development of the Crimean Agriculture
Mir Abdul Kayum Jallal1, Diana Burkaltseva2, Elena Vorobyоva3, Nataliya Apatova4, Oleg Blazhevich5, Aleksandr Betskov6, Hizri Kilyaskhanov7, Svetlana Shcheglova8, Inna Mosina9
1Mir Abdul Kayum Jallal*, V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Simferopol, Russia.
2Diana Burkaltseva, V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Simferopol, Russia.
3Elena Vorobyоva, V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Simferopol, Russia.
4Nataliya Apatova, V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Simferopol, Russia.
5Oleg Blazhevich, V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Simferopol, Russia.
6Aleksandr Betskov, Ministry of the Interior of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia
7Svetlana Shcheglova, V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Simferopol, Russia.
8Hizri Kilyaskhanov, Moscow Region State University, Mytishchi, Moscow region, Russia.
9Inna Mosina, V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Simferopol, Russia.
Manuscript received on November 15, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 20 November, 2019. | Manuscript published on December 10, 2019. | PP: 1644-1661 | Volume-9 Issue-2, December 2019. | Retrieval Number: B7650129219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.B7650.129219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: This article analyzes the Crimean agriculture to determine the factors for increasing the investment attractiveness of the agricultural region. It will allow building a food policy and determining its investment component, as well as identify the main development problems and develop proposals for measures to increase the level of rural development farms. The aim of the study is to assess the state of the agro-industrial complex of the Crimea, its investment component in building food policy. To achieve this goal, the following tasks solved. ● The economic characteristics of the agricultural sectors of the Crimea given; ● Crop production and animal husbandry analyzed; ● The activities of agricultural organizations analyzed; ● The indicators characterizing the degree of development of agriculture of the Crimea were assessment; ● The problems and prospects for the development of agriculture of the Crimea during the formation of food policy identified. The methods of analysis, synthesis, and graphic method used in this work. Conclusion/Results. Crimean agriculture has tremendous potential, but it is necessary to solve several problems for it development when building food policies. These problems are associated, firstly, with the extensive development of agriculture; secondly, with irrational use of water resources; thirdly, with outdated technologies and techniques; fourthly, poor transport logistics; fifthly, with a high cost of production. To overcome these problems and the successful functioning of agriculture and industrial complex (AIC) in the Crimea, it is necessary to perform the following actions: attract investors; change the structure of agriculture; to develop livestock; to build factories for the processing of agricultural products and to convert agricultural manufacturing. Changes in the structure should be due to large differences in the agricultural potential of each individual region of the Crimea, therefore it is required to develop those areas of agriculture that correspond to the climatic, economic, cultural and historical conditions of each region. The effective use of subsidies and grant-in aid, competent investment management and the intensive formation of the latest enterprises will enable the region to become quickly one of the most successful in the Russian agricultural sector.
Keywords: Agriculture and Industrial Complex (AIC), Crop Production, Livestock, Investments, Activities of Agricultural Organizations, Efficiency, Financial and Investment Indicators, Food Policy.
Scope of the Article: Agricultural Informatics and Communication