Risks and Legal Opportunities of National Projects: Modeling Security
Petr Ivanovich Ivanov1, Diana Dmitrievna Burkaltseva2, Robert Mosesovich Arzumanov3, Leonid Leonidovich Grischenko4, Yuriy Nikolaevich Zhirnov5, Nikolay Nikolayevich Pestov6, Aleksandr Sergeevich Oleynik7, Yuriy Yurievich Uryadov8
1Petr Ivanovich Ivanov*, V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Simferopol, Russia.
2Diana Dmitrievna Burkaltseva, V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Simferopol, Russia.
3Robert Mosesovich Arzumanov, Kerch State Marine Technological University, Kerch, Russia.
4Leonid Leonidovich Grischenko, Management Academy of the Ministry of the Interior of Russia, Moscow, Russia.
5Yuriy Nikolaevich Zhirnov, Management Academy of the Ministry of the Interior of Russia, Moscow, Russia.
6Nikolay Nikolayevich Pestov, Management Academy of the Ministry of the Interior of Russia, Moscow, Russia.
7Aleksandr Sergeevich Oleynik, Management Academy of the Ministry of the Interior of Russia, Moscow, Russia.
8Yuriy Yurievich Uryadov, Management Academy of the Ministry of the Interior of Russia, Moscow, Russia.
Manuscript received on November 18, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 27 November, 2019. | Manuscript published on December 10, 2019. | PP: 4266-4273 | Volume-9 Issue-2, December 2019. | Retrieval Number: B7656129219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.B7656.129219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The goal is to explore the interaction between the vector of economic security development and the vector of threat to the economic security, as well as the possibility of quantifying the result for management purposes. The fundamental possibility of the business socioeconomic system at the mesolevel to counteract the factors of threat to economic security based on the model of interaction between the vectors of development and threat has been reviewed. The linear differential equations have been transformed. Analytical expressions that describe the parameters of the model of interaction between the vectors of development and threat have been obtained. Possible combinations of parameters have been studied. The main risks of the implementation of national projects include financial risks, quality of state and municipal government, external global risks, risks of trade wars, sanctions, and differentiation of regions. The problems of public administration should include legal support, fraud, scale of corruption, speed of decision-making, terms of implementation, insufficient qualifications of civil servants, centralization of the budget process, and imperfection of control mechanisms. The problems of municipal management should include staff shortage, level of employees’ qualification, outdated management system, outflow of qualified personnel/staff turnover, red tape, inconsistency of federal and regional laws, workflow, administrative barriers, and performance indicators for municipalities. Conclusion. Institutional support and measures aimed at solving problems in state and municipal administrations will allow to significantly mitigate risks in the implementation of national projects in the field of ensuring socioeconomic and national security. Risks are incomplete traceability of the movement of funds, overestimated indicators for regions that do not have the resources for this. Federal center subsidies hide the problem, but their size does not help the regions to be flexible enough, and this in turn affects efficiency. The conclusion is drawn on the appropriateness of applying the proposed model for the interaction between the vectors of development and threat in the economy. The area of further research is determined.
Keywords: National Projects, Legal Risks, State and Municipal Government, Region, Economic Security, Vector, Threats, Development, Interaction, Model, Differential Equations.
Scope of the Article: Open Source: Challenges and Opportunities.