Healthy Fruits Image Label Categorization through Color Shape and Texture Features Based on Machine Learning Algorithm
Shameem Fatima1, M. Seshashayee2

1Shameem Fatima*, Department of CS, GITAM (Deemed to be University), Visakhapatnam, India.
2Dr.M.Seshashayee, Department of CS, GITAM (Deemed to be University), Visakhapatnam, India.
Manuscript received on December 19, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on December 25, 2019. | Manuscript published on January 10, 2020. | PP: 34-40 | Volume-9 Issue-3, January 2020. | Retrieval Number: B7740129219/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.B7740.019320
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Abstract: The fruit categorization according to their visual quality has recently experienced tremendous growth in the field of agriculture and food products. Due to post-harvest loses during handling and processing, there is an increasing demand for quality products in agro industry which requires accuracy to predict the fruit. Various techniques of machine learning have been successfully applied for classifying the fruit built on binary class. In this paper, machine leaning technique is used to automate the process of categorization and to improve the accuracy of different types of fruits by feature selection. To categorized images domain specific features such as color, shape and textual features are considered. Statistical color features are extracted from the image, bounding box feature for shape features and gray-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) is used to extract the textual feature of an image. These features are combined in a single feature fusion. A support vector machine (SVM) classification model is trained using training set features on fruit360 dataset which includes six fruit categories (classes) with two sub category (sub-classes) which builds multiclass classification task. We present one-vs-one coding design of Error correcting output codes (ECOC) and apply to SVM classifier; validation followed a fivefold cross validation strategy. The result shows that the textual features combined with color and shape feature improved fruit classification accuracy. 
Keywords: Categorization, SVM-ECOC, Machine learning
Scope of the Article: Machine learning