Classification and Severity Measurement of Epileptic Seizure using Intracranial Electroencephalogram (iEEG)
Sanjay Shamrao Pawar1, Sangeeta Rajendra Chougule2
1Sanjay Shamrao Pawar*, Ph.D. Scholar, Shivaji University Kolhapur, Assistant Professor, Bharati Vidyapeeth’s College of Engineering, Kolhapur, (Maharashtra), India.
2Sangeeta Rajendra Chougule, Professor, Kolhapur Institute of Technology College of Engineering, Kolhapur, (Maharashtra), India.
Manuscript received on November 18, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on November 21, 2020. | Manuscript published on December 10, 2021. | PP: 36-41 | Volume-10 Issue-2, December 2020 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijitee.B82491210220| DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.B8249.1210220
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The Epileptic seizure is one of major neurological brain disorders and about 50 million of world’s population is affected by it. Electroencephalography is medical test which records brain signal by mounting electrodes on scalp or brain cortex to diagnosis seizure. Scalp Electroencephalography has low spatial resolution and presence of external artifact as compared to Intracranial Electroencephalography. In Intracranial Electroencephalography strip, grid and depth type of electrodes are implanted on cortex of brain by surgery to measure brain signal. Analysis of brain signal was carried out in past in diagnosis of Epileptic seizure. Seizure classification and Severity measurement of Epileptic Seizure are still challenging areas of research. Seizures are classified as focal seizure, generalized and secondary generalized seizure depending upon the area of brain which it generates and how it spreads. Classification of seizure helps in treatment of seizure and during brain surgery to operate on brain part which is responsible for continuous seizures generation. Developed seizure classification algorithm classifies seizures as focal Seizure, generalized Seizure and secondary generalized seizure depending on the percentage of iEEG electrodes detecting seizure activity. Seizure severity measurement scale is developed by modification in National Hospital Seizure Severity Scale. Seizures are graded as Mild seizure, Moderate seizure and severe seizure depending on its severity. Seizure Classification and Seizure Severity Measurement improves life quality of Epileptic patients by proper drug management.
Keywords: Epileptic Seizure, Intracranial Electroencephalography, Quality of life, Seizure Classification, Seizure Severity Scale.