Compliance on Fire Safety Measures among Ships from Flags of Convenience Countries in Malaysian Ports
Aminuddin Md Arof1, Abang Mohd Syaffiq Idzuan Razak2, Abdul Khabir Rahmat3
1Aminuddin Md Arof*, Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Malaysian Institute of Marine Engineering Technology, Bandar Teknologi Maritim, Pantai Remis Road, Lumut Malaysia.
2Abang Mohd Syaffiq Idzuan Razak, Universiti Kuala Lumpur, Malaysian Institute of Marine Engineering Technology, Bandar Teknologi Maritim, Pantai Remis Road, Lumut Malaysia.
3Abdul Khabir Rahmat, Malaysian Institute of Transport, Universiti Teknologi Mara, 40450 Shah Alam Malaysia.
Manuscript received on November 13, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 21 November, 2019. | Manuscript published on December 10, 2019. | PP: 4590-4590 | Volume-9 Issue-2, December 2019. | Retrieval Number: B9035129219/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.B9035.129219
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: This study aims to identify the trends and performance of the top five Flags of Convenience (FOC) or open registries comprising of Panama, Marshall Island, Liberia, Malta and Bahamas as compared to the top five traditional flag states or non-FOC registries, which are Hong Kong, Singapore, China, Greece and Japan in term of their compliance to the Fire Safety (Code 7) requirements. The focus on fire safety is important since fire is known to be one of the greatest risks to safety on board ships. The outcome of this study has shown that although various measures have been taken by the international community through the introduction of stricter regulations and additional enforcement initiatives through the port state control regime, the standard produced by ships belonging to the FOC countries is still significantly lower than the standard produced by ships of the non-FOC.
Keywords: Flags of Convenience, Fire Safety, Port State Control, Tokyo MOU
Scope of the Article: Control and Automation