Low-cost Magnetic Resonance Console Architecture using an Open Source for Laboratory Scale Systems
Chennagiri Rajarao Padma1, Ravikumar K. M.2

1Chennagiri Rajarao Padma, Assistant Professor, Department of Medical Electronics Engineering, Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bengaluru (Karnataka), India.
2Dr. K. M. Ravikumar, Director, The Oxford Education Institutions, Bengaluru (Karnataka), India.
Manuscript received on 31 December 2022 | Revised Manuscript received on 07 January 2023 | Manuscript Accepted on 15 January 2023 | Manuscript published on 30 January 2023 | PP: 26-32 | Volume-12 Issue-2, January 2023 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijitee.B94130112223 | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.B9413.0112223

Open Access | Editorial and Publishing Policies | Cite | Mendeley | Indexing and Abstracting
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: MRI systems with proprietary hardware must use pulse programming, which is less expensive. Pulse programming consoles use Digital Signal Processor, Complex Programming Logic Device, and microcontrollers, which are typically restricted to particular architectures. General–purpose, extremely affordable electronics board featuring these architectures are now capable enough to be directly implemented in MRI consoles. Here we present the architectural details of various consoles with novel designs and their limitations. Finally, we propose a console design which was created utilising widely accessible Arduino Boards to connect to Pulseq-GPI implementations at a reduced cost of $225. 
Keywords: Direct Digital Synthesizer, Microcontrollers, MR Console Architectures, Pulseq-GPI
Scope of the Article: Open Source: Challenges and Opportunities