Geochemical Studies in Edapatty Puthur Village, Salem District, Tamil Nadu, India
P. Palpandian3, R. Jayagopal2

1P. Palpandian, Department of Geology, Periyar University, Salem (Tamil Nadu), India.
2R. Jayagopal, Principal, L.R.G. Government Arts and Science, College Women (Tamil Nadu), India.

Manuscript received on 07 February 2013 | Revised Manuscript received on 21 February 2013 | Manuscript Published on 28 February 2013 | PP: 191-195 | Volume-2 Issue-3, February 2013 | Retrieval Number: C0464022313/2013©BEIESP
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Abstract: Edapatty is a small village in Attur taluk of Salem District in Tamil Nadu. To understand groundwater quality for pre and post-monsoon period, the pre-monsoon season over exploitation of groundwater leads to water level decreases. Thus the main objective of this study is to give an account of the hydrogeochemistry of the region, to trace the sourced of principal chemical constituents, their concentration and effects on utility. As a result, groundwater becomes very hard. In order to bring out the various physical and chemical characteristics of the groundwater in the study area, twenty four representative groundwater samples were collected from various location of the study area and analysed for various parameters and the result were reported in this project to arrive at a possible solution. After heavy rainfall from NE and SW Monsoon, the total hardness of the water decrease and get diluted due to infiltration. It leaches some chemical constituents, which are derived from fertilizers like Gypsum and Sulphate fertilizers used by farmers for the agriculture. It leads to concentration of Na, K and SO4 in groundwater. After precipitation, Ca, Mg and Cl concentration decreases. It may be due to dilution of these elements by the percolation of water.
Keywords: Hydro Geochemistry, Groundwater, Fertilizer, Precipitation.

Scope of the Article: Bio-Science and Bio-Technology