Method of Land Cover Change and Number of Vehicles Increasing on Land Surface Temperature: Case Research of Surabaya City, East Java Province, Indonesia
Mohammad Abdul Khafid1, Aditya Pandu Wicaksono2, Bayu Elwantyo Bagus Dewantoro3
1Mohammad Abdul Khafid, Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Mineral Technology, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
2Aditya Pandu Wicaksono, Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Mineral Technology, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
3Bayu Elwantyo Bagus Dewantoro, Department of Geographic Information Science, Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Manuscript received on 10 January 2020 | Revised Manuscript received on 06 February 2020 | Manuscript Published on 20 February 2020 | PP: 177-181 | Volume-9 Issue-3S January 2020 | Retrieval Number: C10390193S20/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.C1039.0193S20
Open Access | Editorial and Publishing Policies | Cite | Zenodo | Indexing and Abstracting
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open-access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Urban Heat island phenomenon that occurs in some major cities to Indonesia can be caused by several factors like a construction of high building, land cover change and air pollution by motor vehicles. The phenomenon of small climate change in urban areas such as the city of Surabaya, the province of Jawa Timur can cause rising surface temperatures that can impact the decline in health and environmental degradation. This research was conducted to know the dynamics of land cover change, and dynamics of the vehicle to surface temperature in Surabaya city. Methods that are in use are a spatial analysis of multi-temporal imagery and analysis by using statistical data. The data used in surface temperature analysis and land cover analysis in the form of vegetation is Landsat-8 (OLI/TIRS) during the recording period from 2014 to 2019 and vehicle dynamics data. The results showed a change of land cover with an estimated area of 2989,8 ha, a rise in surface temperature with an estimate of 3.95 0C, and with the increase in a several of vehicles by 929.225 units from 2013 until 2018. Large surface temperature shows the areas with crowded activities such as settlements area, industrial zone, and government zone.
Keywords: Urban Heat Island, Land Cover Change, Number of Vehicles, Land Surface Temperature.
Scope of the Article: Frequency Selective Surface