The Effect of Heating Time and Heating Temperatures to Layer Thickness and The Glossiness Level of A Surface in Blackening Coating Process
Arya Mahendra Sakti1, Aisyah Endah Palupi2, Dyah Riandadari4

1Arya Mahendra Sakti, Department of Mechanical Engineering, FT-Unesa, Surabaya, Indonesia.

2Aisyah Endah Palupi, Department of Mechanical Engineering, FT-Unesa, Surabaya, Indonesia. 

3Dyah Riandadari, Department of Mechanical Engineering, FT-Unesa, Surabaya, Indonesia. 

Manuscript received on 10 January 2020 | Revised Manuscript received on 06 February 2020 | Manuscript Published on 20 February 2020 | PP: 250-254 | Volume-9 Issue-3S January 2020 | Retrieval Number: C10560193S20/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.C1056.0193S20

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Abstract: Metal coating without electrical energy using usually could be the conversion coating technique. One method of the conversion coatings that are widely used in the industrial field is blackening or black oxide coating. Blackening or black oxide coating technique is a chemical conversion process that is formed from the chemical reaction between the iron in ferrous metals by an oxidizing salt to form a layer of magnetite (Fe3O4) thin metal substrates. The metal coating process has a lot of choices to improve the quality of materials from metallic and nonmetallic. This study aims to investigate the effect of the time and the temperature of the heating process of the steel AISI 1015 on the thickness and the value of the glossiness level by the blackening processing technique. The research variables are used various heating process time: 30; 60; and 90 minutes, temperature: 100 °C; 150 ºC and 200 ºC, and other variables are controlled constantly. The workpieces made from a steel metal plate AISI 1015 has a dimension size = 200 x 30 x 3 mm3 in 27 pieces. The experimental method was designed by formation 3 x 3 x 3. It could be revealed the longer the healing process time could increase the thickness of the layer of the workpiece surface. A higher heating temperature could decrease the value of the glossiness level of a metal surface. The surface layer thickness level is found the best in the plating process time about 90 minutes and a temperature of 200ºC with a coating thickness values of 20,27μm. The highest value of the glossiness level is obtained at the highest coating time of 30 minutes at a temperature of 100ºC with the value of the shiny level of about 68.50 GU.

Keywords: Blackening Technique, Layer Thickness, and Glossiness Level.
Scope of the Article: Heat Transfer