Classification of Tumors in Brain MRI Images With Hybrid of Global and Local DWT Features using Decision Tree
Sanjay Kumar C K1, H. D. Phaneendra2

1Sanjay Kumar C K*, Assistant Professor, Department of MCA, The National Institute of Engineering, Mysore, India.
2Dr. H D Phaneendra, Professor and Head, Department of CS & E, The National Institute of Engineering, Mysore, India. 

Manuscript received on September 16, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on 24 September, 2019. | Manuscript published on October 10, 2019. | PP: 3072-3077 | Volume-8 Issue-12, October 2019. | Retrieval Number: C4659098319/2019©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.C4659.1081219
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Abstract: Automated brain tumor identification and classification is still an open problem for research in the medical image processing domain. Brain tumor is a bunch of unwanted cells that develop in the brain. This growth of a tumor takes up space within skull and affects the normal functioning of brain. Automated segmentation and detection of brain tumors are important in MRI scan analysis as it provides information about neural architecture of brain and also about abnormal tissues that are extremely necessary to identify appropriate surgical plan. Automating this process is a challenging task as tumor tissues show high diversity in appearance with different patients and also in many cases they tend to appear very similar to the normal tissues. Effective extraction of features that represent the tumor in brain image is the key for better classification. In this paper, we propose a hybrid feature extraction process. In this process, we combine the local and global features of the brain MRI using first by Discrete Wavelet Transformation and then using texture based statistical features by computing Gray Level Co-occurrence Matrix. The extracted combined features are used to construct decision tree for classification of brain tumors in to benign or malignant class.
Keywords: Brain Tumor, MRI, Segmentation, DWT, GLCM, Decision Tree.
Scope of the Article: Classification