Optimal Cellular Automata Technique for Image Segmentation
Mariena A. A.1, J. G. R. Sathiaseelan2

1Mariena A. A., Research Scholar, Dept. of Computer Science, Bishop Heber College Affiliated to Bharathidasan University, Trichy. T.N, India.
2J.G.R. Sathiaseelan, Asso. Professor and Head, Dept. of Computer Science, Bishop Heber College Affiliated to Bharathidasan University, Trichy. T.N, India.
Manuscript received on December 15, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on December 24, 2019. | Manuscript published on January 10, 2020. | PP: 1474-1478 | Volume-9 Issue-3, January 2020. | Retrieval Number: C8037019320/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.C8037.019320
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Leukemia death secured 10 the place among the most dangerous death in the world. The main reason is due to the delay in diagnosis which in turn delayed the treatment process. Hence it becomes an exigent requirement to diagnose leukemia in its early stage. Segmentation of WBC is the initial phase of leukemia detection using image processing. This paper aims to extract WBC from the image background. There exists various techniques for WBC segmentation in the literature. Yet, they provides inaccurate results. Cellular Automata can be effectively implemented in image processing. In this paper, we have proposed an Optimal Cellular Automata approach for image segmentation. In this approach, the optimal value for alive cells is obtained through particle swarm Optimization with Gravitational Search Algorithm (PSOGSA). The optimal value have fed in to the cellular automata model and get the segmented image. The results are validated based on the parameters like Rand Index (RI), Global Consistency Error (GCE), and Variation of Information (VOI). The Experimental results of proposed technique shows better results when compared to the previously proposed techniques namely, Hybrid K-Means with Cluster Center Estimation, Region Splitting and Clustering Technique and Cellular Automata. The proposed technique outperformed all other techniques.
Keywords: Optimal Cellular Automata, Image Segmentation, PSOGSA, VOI, RI, GCE.
Scope of the Article: Optimal Design of Structures