Pollution Free Operation of Rail Vehicle with Diesel Engine using Fuel Cell
Naseam Haider Jafri1, Sushma Gupta2

1Naseam H. Jafri, Sr. Member IEEE, Member IEI, Head of Centre for Transportation & System Design, Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited Bhopal 462022, MP, India.
2Dr. Sushma Gupta, Professor, Department of Electrical Engineering Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, MP India.
Manuscript received on December 15, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on December 22, 2019. | Manuscript published on January 10, 2020. | PP: 1507-1512 | Volume-9 Issue-3, January 2020. | Retrieval Number: C8347019320/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.C8347.019320
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Presently, energy used in rail transportation is fossil in nature, in case of electric vehicle, electricity which is generated mostly from coal/gas while in diesel engine driven vehicle oil /gas. Fossil energy sources inherently suffers from disadvantages such as limited in nature, damage to environment due to exhaust of greenhouse gases, noise pollution etc. Fuel cell not only overcome above demerits of diesel engine but offer other advantages such as energy recovery during braking, better dynamic response. A feasibility study of use fuel cell in place of diesel engine is presented in this paper. It briefly discuss fuel cell operation, its suitability for transient energy requirement of transportation application, necessity of energy storage system, simulation of potential of recovery of energy during braking. Present status of technology of drives, power conditioning is reviewed and a circuit topology for conversion of existing diesel engine based vehicle into fuel cell system is presented. Advantages of fuel cell hybrid electric vehicle (FCHEV) over conventional transportation vehicle is also discussed. 
Keywords: Fuel Cell, Diesel Engine, Transportation, Energy Storage System, Supper Capacitor, lithium-ion Batteries, Energy Recover, Converter9, Diesel Engine
Scope of the Article:  Transportation Engineering