Behaviour of Light Weight Brick with the Influence of EPS Beads and Silica Fume
Adeeb Arif Mallick1, Sohit Agarwal2, Mukesh Pandey3

1Adeeb Arif Mallick*, Research scholar, Department of Civil Engineering, ITM University Gwalior, India.
2Sohit Agarwal, Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, ITM University Gwalior, India.
3Mukesh Pandey, Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, ITM University Gwalior, India.
Manuscript received on December 14, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on December 24, 2019. | Manuscript published on January 10, 2020. | PP: 862-867 | Volume-9 Issue-3, January 2020. | Retrieval Number: C8627019320/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.C8627.019320
Open Access | Ethics and Policies | Cite | Mendeley
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

Abstract: The principal reason behind this experimental investigation carried out here is to diminish the dead load of structures with the potential use of light weight bricks. EPS beads and silica fume are light in nature. The investigation work enhanced, with numerous literature study to find out the utilization of Expanded polystyrene(EPS) beads and silica fume in light weight brick can be used in military bases in cold regions due to its low thermal insulating quality. The main objective of this research is to prepare a light weight brick by partial substitution of Cement with silica fume and the replacement of fine aggregate with EPS beads. A total of 70 bricks containing two different sizes of EPS beads say Type A and Type B with different proportions (0%, 7%, 14%, 21%) of each Type were casted in order to check the mechanical properties such as compressive strength, water absorption, efflorescence, workability, and thermal conductivity of the brick. The compressive strength test was carried out at 7, 14 and 28 days of curing. As the percentage of EPS beads in the brick increased the strength of brick decreased while with the increase of EPS beads in the brick the water absorption as well as the thermal conductivity of brick decreased. There were slight presence of Efflorescence in some of the bricks while in most of the brick there were no efflorescence found. 
Keywords: EPS beads, Silica fume, Thermal Conductivity, Light weight brick
Scope of the Article: Thermal Engineering