Energy Saving and Clean Technology for Natural Gas Transporting
Bogdan Vasiliev1, Viacheslav Zyrin2, Dmitrii Mardashov3
1Bogdan Vasiliev, Department of Electrical Energy and Electromechanics, Electromechanical Faculty, Saint-Petersburg Mining University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia.
2Viacheslav Zyrin*, Department of electrical energy and electromechanics, Electromechanical Faculty, Saint-Petersburg Mining University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia.
3Dmitrii Mardashov, Department of development and operation of oil and gas deposits, Oil and Gas Faculty, Saint-Petersburg Mining University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia.
Manuscript received on January 15, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on January 25, 2020. | Manuscript published on February 10, 2020. | PP: 805-810 | Volume-9 Issue-4, February 2020. | Retrieval Number: C9128019320/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.C9128.029420
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Sustainable development of the Arctic oil and gas deposits depends on the reliable and efficient operation of the gas transportation system (GTS), which development has great importance for industry growth. In spite of high reliability of GTS, it is necessary for such specific area, as Arctic is, to use the technology, which is safe and clean. In this paper, the major factors influencing on industrial and ecological safety of GTS are analyzed, revealed factors which impact GTS safety, and on that base measures for providing safety are proposed. The paper shows that use of gas-turbine engines of gas-compressor units (GCU) results in the following features: emissions of hazardous substances in the atmosphere; pollution by toxic waste; harmful noise and vibration; thermal impact on the environment; decrease in energy efficiency. It is shown that for the radical problem resolution of industrial and ecological safety of gas-transmission system it is reasonable to use gas-compressor units driven by electric motors. For such critical issue as clean and safe gas transporting in the Arctic region the gas compressor units with electrical drives has a great perspective for implementation, taking into account their serious advantages and industrial tests in Europe and USA.
Keywords: Electric Gas-Compressor Units, Energy Efficiency, Environmental Safety, gas Transportation System, Industrial Safety
Scope of the Article: Environmental Engineering