Sound Absorption Coefficient of Different Green Materials Polymer on Noise Reduction
Nadiatul Syima Mohd Shahid1, Mohamad Ali Ahmad2, Farah Liana Md Tahir3

1Nadiatul Syima Mohd Shahid, Faculty of Health Science, Kampus Puncak Alam, Bandar Puncak Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.
2Mohamad Ali Ahmad*, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University Technology MARA,  Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.
3Farah Liana Md Tahir, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University Technology MARA, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.
Manuscript received on December 12, 2019. | Revised Manuscript received on December 23, 2019. | Manuscript published on January 10, 2020. | PP: 2773-2777 | Volume-9 Issue-3, January 2020. | Retrieval Number: C9208019320/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.C9208.019320
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Abstract: One of the sources of noise pollution to environment is from the consumption of electrical and mechanical appliances usage at home and industries. Growth development and advancement of heavy equipment in construction work further emphasize the necessity used of new technologies for noise reduction. The best technique of control or reducing of noise is by using the materials that can absorb the noise by materials itself. Potential materials from agricultural waste as sound absorber were identified. There are two main objectives in this study; First is to produce acoustic absorber by using natural materials. Second is to identify their sound absorption coefficients. The samples were fabricated using the raw materials from banana stem, grass, palm oil leaves and lemongrass mixed with binding agents of polyurethane and hardener to the ratio of 1:4. The diameters of the samples consist of 28mm and 100mm and the thickness is 10mm. The samples sound absorption coefficients were measured according to standards ASTM E1050-98 / ISO 105342-2 (Impedance tube method). Sound absorption coefficient of the materials depends on frequencies choose. The frequencies values used in this study were in the range from 500Hz to 4500Hz. Material made from grass have a higher average sound absorption coefficient value which is 0.553. All tested samples also can be categories under class D type of materials based on sound absorption coefficient value. 
Keywords: Acoustic, Natural Materials, Palm Oil leaves, Polyurethane.
Scope of the Article: Materials Engineering