Coherence in Cross-Sectoral Policies is Imperative For Sustainable Management of Ecosystems
Gouri S Joshi1, Erach Bharucha2

1Gouri S Joshi, Research Scholar, Bharati Vidyapeeth Institute of Environment Education and Research, Pune (Maharashtra), India.

2Dr. Erach Bharucha, Director, Bharati Vidyapeeth Institute of Environment Education and Research, Pune (Maharashtra), India.

Manuscript received on 11 February 2020 | Revised Manuscript received on 27 February 2020 | Manuscript Published on 10 March 2020 | PP: 33-41 | Volume-9 Issue-4S March 2020 | Retrieval Number: D10050394S20/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.D1005.094S20

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Abstract: Sustainable management of ecosystems is a priority concern for biodiversity conservation and climate change resilience. India has enacted various policies and statutes governing natural resources that form an integral part of ecosystem governance. The federal structure of India’s governance confers the power on vertical (three layers of government) and horizontal (various ministries, departments of government) sectors, to legislate on a variety of environmental issues. Under the Constitution of India, subjects related to the protection of the environment, conservation of biological diversity are governed by the Union List; while subjects of water and land are governed by the State List. Subjects concerning forest and wildlife are governed by the Concurrent List of Schedule VII. Implementation of statutes, governing different environmental subjects, is done by various ministries and departments including local self-governments established by 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1976. Activities defined in the policies are implemented through schemes, plans, programmes or projects. As the ecosystem management is a major sector of biodiversity management, the schemes are divided into core and congruent sectors and related sectoral plans. Nexus approach is used to understand the importance of interlinks in the resource governance of India. This research work is ascertaining that conventional fragmented and isolated approach for governance of natural resources is detrimental to the sustainable management of ecosystems. On the background of climate change and increasing international cooperation for sustainable development, attaining coherence in the cross-sectoral policies governing ecosystem management is imperative.

Keywords: Cross-sectoral Policies, Nexus Approach, Ecosystem Management, Coherence.
Scope of the Article: Sustainable Structures