Geospatial Engineering on Hydrological Behaviour of Catchments at River Basin
M.Satish Kumar1, G.Venu Ratna Kumari2, Ambati Dattatreya Kumar3, P.Srinivasa Rao4

1Dr.Satish Kumar Moparthi*, professor of Civil Engineering in Kallam Harandha Reddy Institute of Technology, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India.
2Ms.G.Venu Ratna Kumari, Assistant Professor in department of Civil Engineering, P.V.P. Siddhartha Engineering College, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India.
3Mr. Ambati Dattatreya Kumar, Assistant Professor in department of Civil Engineering, V.R Siddhartha Engineering College, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India.
4Mr. P. Srinivasa Rao, Assistant Professor, in department of Civil Engineering, Tirumala Engineering College, Narasaraopet, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Manuscript received on January 13, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on January 22, 2020. | Manuscript published on February 10, 2020. | PP: 94-99 | Volume-9 Issue-4, February 2020. | Retrieval Number: D1124029420/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.D1124.029420
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Abstract: Water is the most important parameter to be considered for improving living standards of the people at any area, which is being supplied to the public with various distribution systems from the sources of water supply. Generally water is available and being supplied to the public from two different sources such as surface water and groundwater. Surface water is available in the form of catchments, ponds, rivers etc. catchment is a hydrological body which has the source of water through precipitation and the runoff from the nearby areas. Every drop of catchment normally enters either into the river or it may evaporate if the water is not being used, at most of the areas catchments are serving as potential water resource for drinking, agriculture and for various daily day to day activities. The hydrological behavior of Catchments near to the rivers is greatly influenced by the quality of river water as the contaminants enter in to the catchments either directly or through infiltration. In the present study catchments at every village near to the river basin of Krishna River were selected to assess the quality of water and its level of suitability for consumption. Total eight water samples were collected in sterilized glass bottle by covering all the corners of the catchment and all the tests were conducted by adopting standard analytical procedures, the results were correlated with Surface water quality criteria for different uses (specified by CPCB, 1979 and the Bureau of Indian Standards, 1982.) and then results were projected in GIS maps. 
Keywords: Catchments, Contaminate, Hydrological, River, Surface water
Scope of the Article: Reverse Engineering