Cuk Converter for Waste Heat Recovery from Automobile Engine using Thermoelectric Generator with Air as Coolant
D. Poornima1, S. Sangeetha2

1D.Poornima*, Assistant Professor, Dept of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Sri Ramakrishna Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. India.
2S.Sangeetha, Assistant Professor, Dept of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Sri Ramakrishna Institute of Technology, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu.
Manuscript received on January 12, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on January 22, 2020. | Manuscript published on February 10, 2020. | PP: 249-252 | Volume-9 Issue-4, February 2020. | Retrieval Number: D1346029420/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.D1346.029420
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Abstract: The growing concern on energy conservation and reduction of carbon footprint has led to a lot of inventions and innovations in terms of energy-efficient technologies in all the energy consuming applications. The automobile sector is a crucial zone where these technologies have a major role to play due to the sheer abundance of the number of automobiles. Many small refinements, alterations and innovations are happening in this field which has led to furthermore energy economic automobiles than before.But even in an advanced internal combustion engine, about two-thirds of fuel consumed by an automobile is discharged into the surroundings as waste heat. The effect of this is the increase in the surrounding air temperature which in turn contributes significantly to global warming. This paper proposes amethod to reduce the emission of heat from automobiles by designing and implementinga waste heat recovery system for internal combustion (IC) engines. The key aim is to reduce the amount of heat released into the environment and to convert it into useful energy. A thermoelectric generator (TEG) assembly is used to directly convert the wasted heat energy from the automobile into electrical energy. This electrical energy is conditioned using a Cuk converter and maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm is embedded in the converter for impedance matching and maximum power transfer from TEG to the converter. The conditioned output is used to charge the battery of the vehicle. This methodology also increases the energy efficiency of the vehicle as a higher capacity battery can be employed. The proposed system can work well under varying temperature conditions to give a constant output. It can be implemented in any mechanical/ electrical systems were there is wastage of heat energy like gas pipelines, wearable electronics, space probes, cookstoves, boilers, thermal vision, etc. One of the thrust areas where this technology can be effectively utilized in today’s world is in electric vehicles where the energy efficiency is the most important factor. 
Keywords: Thermoelectric Generator, Waste Heat Recovery, Electric Vehicles, Maximum Power Point Tracking, Cuk converter
Scope of the Article:  Low-power design