Ultra-Wide Band Microstrip Patch Antenna for C and X -Band Applications with Effect of Copper Thickness
Komal Jaiswal1, Shekhar Yadav2, Nagendra Yadav3, Ram Suchit Yadav4

1Komal Jaiswal*, Pursuing Ph.D., Department of Electronics and Communication, University of Allahabad, Allahabad, India.
2Shekhar Yadav, Department of Electronics and Communication, Central University, Allahabad (UP) India.
3Dr. N. P. Yadav, Professor and Director, Department of Electrical and Electronics Information Engineering, Hubei Polytechnic University, Huangshi, China.
4Dr. Ram Suchit Yadav, Professor, Department of Electronics and Communication, Central University, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Manuscript received on January 13, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on January 25, 2020. | Manuscript published on February 10, 2020. | PP: 77-82 | Volume-9 Issue-4, February 2020. | Retrieval Number: D1419029420/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.D1419.029420
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: An ultrawide band partial ground miniaturized rectangular shape microstrip patch antenna is investigated in this paper. The size of the proposed antenna is 17×10×1.6 mm3 and is excited by microstrip line feed which operates for C band and X band. In this article we have compared the variation in the output by changing the thickness of copper of the proposed antenna from 35μm and 70μm. The design is simulated by Ansoft’ s HFSS13v which is based on finite element method then is fabricated using wet etching method and finally measured by copper mountain reflectometer R140 version. The performance of the rectangular shaped antenna is analyzed on various parameters like reflection coefficient, VSWR, group delay, gain, radiation pattern and radiation efficiency. The measured and simulated results reveal that proposed antenna resonates from 6.3-12GHz giving ultrawide band with bandwidth impedance of 62.9% with the gain of 3.94dBi and maximum radiation efficiency of 95% targeted for satellite communication, radars and radio navigation applications. 
Keywords: UWB, C-band, X-Band, Defected Ground Structure.
Scope of the Article: Microstrip antenna