Response Reduction Factor for SMRF 3D Frame Buildings on Sloppy Ground
Suman Devkota1, Vijay Kumar2

1Suman Devkota*, M.E. Student, Department of Civil Engineering Chandigarh University, Gharaun, Mohali. Punjab, India.
2Bijay Kumar, Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering Chandigarh University, Gharaun, Mohali. Punjab, India.
Manuscript received on January 09, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on January 27, 2020. | Manuscript published on February 10, 2020. | PP: 2085-2092 | Volume-9 Issue-4, February 2020. | Retrieval Number: D1445029420/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.D1445.029420
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Abstract: Lateral forces are key factors in the design of building structure and in general these forces are evaluated using linear static method with the incorporation of response reduction factor. The actual intensity of lateral force is minimized by response reduction factor. However IS Code 1893:2016 does not give information about the components of response reduction factor. The value mentioned in IS code may be based on expert engineering judgment without any scientific basis. The Present research work focus on the estimation of response reduction factor (R) of SMRF frames considering slope terrain without any impairment in slope in Zone V. Fifteen frame models are prepared according to the guideline of IS Code 456:2000 and lateral load on frame was assigned as per IS 1893:2016 (Part-1) for the research purposes. Evaluation of response Reduction Factor according to Applied Technical Council (ATC-19) is carried out which stated that response reduction factor is the product of Strength factor, Redundancy factor and Ductility factor. Pushover analysis also termed as nonlinear static analysis under displacement control method is performed on the analytical models by an integrated finite element software for structural analysis and design called ETABS 2017. P-delta governs the geometrical non-linearity of structure. It has been observed over strength of regular structure is more as compared to irregular geometrical model whereas the ductility reduction factor does not show any significant trend. Moreover, all the models are limited in 6 story only with same structural property additional research is needed considering wider set of parameters framework
Keywords: Over Strength, Ductility, Pushover, ETABS 2017, Slopped Terrain, Bi-linear Approximation, Response Reduction Factor (R).
Scope of the Article: Approximation And Randomized Algorithms