Physicomechanical and Operational Properties Polyurethane Thermal Panels
Shafigullin L. N.1, Romanova N. V.2, Sotnikov M. I.3, Bobryshev A. A.4, Erofeev V. T.5, Korotaev S. A.6
1Shafigullin L. N., Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Kazan, Russia.
2Romanova N. V., Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Kazan, Russia.
3Sotnikov M. I., Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Kazan, Russia.
4Bobryshev A. A., Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Kazan, Russia.
5Erofeev V. T., National Research Mordovia State University, Saransk, Russia.
6Korotaev S. A.*, National Research Mordovia State University, Saransk, Russia.
Manuscript received on January 12, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on January 22, 2020. | Manuscript published on February 10, 2020. | PP: 446-454 | Volume-9 Issue-4, February 2020. | Retrieval Number: D1492029420/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.D1492.029420
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Evaluation of consumer properties of polyurethane thermal panels is the goal of the work. Physico-mechanical and operational characteristics of thermal panels are determined to achieve the purpose of the work. Methods of IR spectroscopy and thermo gravimetric analysis were used to study the structure of the samples. Satisfactory consumer properties of the studied thermo panels are brought out: compliance of clinker with the DIN EN 121 standard; absence of visual defects and change of color of thermo panels after 50 cycles of freezing-thawing; absence of changing color of thermo panels after influence of UV of radiation with the wavelength of 240-320 nanometers within 607 hours 30 minutes; high values of coefficients of sound absorption in the frequency range from 600 to 1600 Hz; low heat conductivity of the FPU layer. The influence of UV-radiation on thermal stability of foamed polyurethane is valued. Thermal analysis methods and IR spectroscopy are used to assess the degree of UV – destruction of polyurethane foam. At destruction of foamed polyurethane there is a rupture of chemically weak communication and formation of alcohols, air, olefins. The results of IR-spectroscopy illustrate the beginning of the processes of destruction of samples of FPU under the influence of UV-radiation. Using the thermo gravimetric analysis the research of the FPU thermal properties under the influence of UV – radiations is conducted. It is established that compositions from FPU under the influence of UV- radiation have lower temperature of the beginning of decomposition, than initial material. The influence of UV-radiation on heat stability of the studied compositions is shown. The possible mechanism of destruction of FPU is confirmed in the research. The DSС method has estimated the resistance of FPU to the oxidizing influence characterizing the material operation time. The studied consumer properties of thermal panels show that they can be used in civil engineering as effective protection structures of buildings.
Keywords: Physical Mechanical and Operational Properties, Thermal Analysis, IR-spectroscopy, Thermo Oxidizing Destruction, Front Polyurethane Panels
Scope of the Article: Mechanical Design