Comparison of Robustness in Watermarking Techniques
Mohamad Owais Raja1, Tazeem A. Khan2, Junaid Geelani3

1Mohamad Owais Raja, M.Tech Scholar, Department of ECE, AFSET, Faridabad (Haryana), India.
2Tazeem A Khan, Assistant Professor, Department of ECE, AFSET, Faridabad (Haryana), India.
3Junaid Geelani, Head, Department of Electronics and Communication, Government Women’s Polytechnic Srinagar (Jammu and Kashmir), India.
Manuscript received on 10 September 2014 | Revised Manuscript received on 20 September 2014 | Manuscript Published on 30 September 2014 | PP: 10-15 | Volume-4 Issue-4, September 2014 | Retrieval Number: D1772094414/14©BEIESP
Open Access | Editorial and Publishing Policies | Cite | Mendeley | Indexing and Abstracting
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (

Abstract: A methodology for comparing robustness of spatial domain and transform domain watermarking techniques is proposed. The techniques used in the spatial domain are the least significant bit method and the transform domain technique used is the discrete cosine transforms based method. The techniques are compared on the basis of their susceptibilities to various types of noises which a work of digital media undergoes during intentional or unintentional modification in the real world. The recovery of watermarks in such simulated conditions as addition of Gaussian noise , salt & pepper noise, JPEG compression leads us to draw conclusions about how these techniques fare in the actual world. Moreover, the noise levels have been varied so as to elicit the threshold where even an otherwise robust technique fails.
Keywords: Digital Watermarking, Robustness, Perceptual Distortion Measures, Spatial and Transform Techniques.

Scope of the Article: Routing, Switching and Addressing Techniques