Production, Perfomance and Emisions of Bio Diesel from Mixture of Animal Waste Fats and Degradation of Bio Diesel over Time
Vegivada Venkata Ganga Pradeep1, Bikkavolu Joga Rao2

1Vegivada Venkata Ganga Pradeep, Student Thermal Engineering Dept., Godavari Institute of Engineering and Technology, Rajahmundry, India.
2Bikkavolu Jogarao, Associate Professor, Thermal Engineering Dept., Godavari Institute of Engineering and Technology, Rajahmundry, India.
Manuscript received on January 14, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on January 28, 2020. | Manuscript published on February 10, 2020. | PP: 2676-2681 | Volume-9 Issue-4, February 2020. | Retrieval Number: D1838029420/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.D1838.029420
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Abstract: As the population increases day by day that makes the use of automobiles globally and hence the use of fuel increases especially diesel. Diesel fuel plays vital role due to immense working efficiency and less fuel consumption which increases the demand of diesel. As the crude oil going to be exhausted in few decades, so many researches are striving to find an alternate and finally found Bio-sources to manufacture Biodiesel whose properties are near to the Diesel fuel. These fuels are prepared from Crude oils. This paper deals with the production, performance and emissions of Biodiesel which is obtained after a chemical reaction called ‘Transesterfication’. It is a mixture of waste animal fats viz., fat from Pig called ‘Pork Lard’ and also fat from chicken called ‘Chicken Tallow’ are tested for different properties of the Biodiesel. The prepared bio diesel was tested in a Variable compression ratio diesel engine with different blend ratio of fuels (Bio diesel and normal diesel) and (bio diesel, diesel and ethanol) at different injection pressures. Also compared the performance of freshly blended biodiesel with degraded biodiesel for 2 years. 
Keywords: Bio Diesel, Fat Oils, Ethanol, Transesterification and Emissions.
Scope of the Article: Bio-science and Bio-technology