Biodiesel Production from Wild Mustard (Brassica Juncea L.) Seed Oil through Co-Solvent Method at Room Temperature
Neam M.T. Al-Layla1, Duaa H. Altamer2, Saba H. Sedeeq3

1Neam M.T. Al-Layl, Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Mosul University, Mosul, Iraq.

2Duaa H. Altamer, Department of New and Renewable Energies, College of Science, Mosul University, Mosul, Iraq.

3Saba H. Sedeeq, Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Mosul University, Mosul, Iraq, Science and Technology, Chennai (Tamil Nadu), India.

Manuscript received on 05 March 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 12 March 2019 | Manuscript Published on 20 March 2019 | PP: 83-87 | Volume-8 Issue- 4S2 March 2019 | Retrieval Number: D1S0019028419/2019©BEIESP

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Abstract: Synthesis of biodiesel from a non-edible feedstcok, namely wild mustard seed oil was the essential target of this work. After oil extraction from the seeds with a yield of 34.0 wt.%, co-solvent alcoholysis of the oil with ethanol and mixed methanol/ethanol system at room temperature (32°C) was studied. Production of biodiesel from the said oil was accomplished via optimized protocol through investigating parameters affecting the biodiesel yield, such as the type of co-solvent, KOH concentration, molar ratio of alcohol/oil, volume ratio of co-solvent/alcohol and reaction period. Maximum ethylic and mixed methyl/ethyl esters yields were obtained under the optimal reaction conditions, and were foubd to be 93.44 and 95.12 wt.%,respectively. The 1HNMR spectroscopy measurements confirmed the conversion of the oil into biodiesels. Besides, fuel properties offered by the fuels obeyed those fixed by ASTM D6751 standard.

Keywords: Random Subspace, REP-tree, Racism, Life Expectancy, Random Subspaces.
Scope of the Article: Social Sciences