Influence of UV Radiation on Physical and Biological Properties of Rapeseed in Pre-Sowing Treatment
Semenov Anatolii1, Sakhno Tamara2, Semenova Kateryna3
1Semenov Anatolii*, Associate Professor, Department of Commodity Science, Biotechnology, Expertise and Customs, Poltava University of Economics and Trade, Poltava, Ukraine.
2Sakhno Tamara, Professor, Department of Agro-Technology and Ecology Poltava State Agrarian University.
3Semenova Kateryna, BA in International Economics, Master`s Degree Student, Poltava University of Economics and Trade, Poltava, Ukraine.
Manuscript received on February 20, 2021. | Revised Manuscript received on February 23, 2021. | Manuscript published on February 28, 2021. | PP: 217-223 | Volume-10 Issue-4, February 2021 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijitee.D85870210421| DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.D8587.0210421
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: A The effect of ultraviolet radiation on pre-sowing treatment of seeds of the winter cultivar Lembke and cultivars treated with fungicides DK EXODUS, DK Exquisite and DK Exprit was studied. Experimental studies show a positive effect of UV irradiation in pre-sowing treatment of winter rapeseeds on seed vigour and germination, both when irradiated in region C (200-280 nm) and in region B (280-320 nm). It was found that UV radiation has a positive effect on the sowing qualities of winter rapeseeds varieties Lembke and DK EXODUS (treated with fungicides) when irradiated with a dose of 120 J/m2 : seed vigour increased by 11% in the variety DK EXODUS and 16.9% in the variety Lembke, germination on average by 13% compared to control samples. At doses of 250 and 500 J/m2 , a decrease in the sowing quality of seeds is observed. The main parameters of kinetic values of hydration were determined: moisture content and hydration rate. It was found that the rate of hydration increased sharply in the initial phase and gradually and slowly decreased in the middle and final phases of the hydration procedure, respectively, in order to achieve a saturated moisture content. Irradiated seeds at a dose of 120 J/m2 showed a higher rate of water absorption than the control, both in the early and later stages of the hydration procedure. It is established that UV-C irradiation changes the kinetics of water absorption by B. napus seeds at low doses of irradiation, causing faster penetration of water into the seeds and more efficient hydration of tissues, positively affecting sowing qualities and biometrics. It has been suggested that water uptake by UV-irradiated B. napus seeds causes excessive imbibition damage at higher doses of UV radiation, as the germination potential decreases and improves at low doses. No significant changes in biometric parameters were detected during UV irradiation of rapeseed varieties DK Exquisite and DK Exprit treated with fungicides and dyes.
Keywords: Rapesseds, Seed vigour, Germination, UV-C radiation, Moisture content (MC), Hydration rate (HR).