A New Approach for Effective Biomedical Waste Segregation and Disposal
Aneri Tank1, Dimpal Khambhati2

1Aneri Tank*, Biomedical Engineering department, Parul Institute of Technology, Parul University, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.
2Dimpal Khambhati, Biomedical Engineering department, Parul Institute of Technology, Parul University, Vadodara, Gujarat, India. 

Manuscript received on January 10, 2021. | Revised Manuscript received on January 20, 2021. | Manuscript published on February 28, 2021. | PP: 236-238 | Volume-10 Issue-4, February 2021 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijitee.D85910210421| DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.D8591.0210421
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Biomedical waste management is a major concern in current scenario. Increase in hospital and health care facilities also generates high amount of biomedical waste. Therefore, segregation, handling and disposing of waste is crucial step to be taken. Waste segregation is to be done according to the color-coded dustbins as per the rules formed by the “The ministry of environment, forest and climate change”. Segregation into color coded dustbin is done on the basis of type of category of waste. If proper segregation of biomedical waste is not done, then the further process of handling and disposing of it becomes laborious. As different kind of waste is treated (reused, recycled and reduce) in distinct way. Not only this but the waste discarded improperly can be harmful to the environment and toxic to the people coming into contact with them invariably while disposing or treating the medical waste. Thus, we are developing an instrument which segregates biomedical waste effectively and dispose it having minimum human exposure with the it while and after disposal. We start with a matrix constructed using switches and LED lights of different colors which indicate the respective color code of the dustbins. The rows and columns describe the different properties of the waste material. Each of the dustbins has an ultrasonic distance sensor attached in front of them followed by a microcontroller and servo motor. The distance sensor circuit controls the lid of the dustbin when person goes near/away from the dustbin. This is how hospital waste segregation is done fruitful and disposal of it in such a way that chances of spreading infection through medical waste decreases. Later, it can be discarded in bigger bins for storing and transporting it to waste management companies. 
Keywords: Biomedical waste, Color- Coded dustbins, Hospital waste, Waste segregation.