Study of Fractal Circular Patch Micro-Strip Antenna over Traditional Antenna
Rakesh Kumar1, Gunjan Gupta2
1Rakesh Kumar, M.Tech Scholor Mewar University, Rajasthan, India.
2Gunjan Gupta, Assistant Professor R.K.G.I.T, Ghaziabad, India.
Manuscript received on October 01, 2012. | Revised Manuscript received on October 05, 2012. | Manuscript published on October 10, 2012. | PP: 50-55 | Volume-1 Issue-5 October 2012. | Retrieval Number: E0292091512/2012©BEIESP
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Abstract: Today’s antenna systems demand versatility and unobtrusiveness. Operators are looking for systems that can perform over several frequency bands or are reconfigurable as the demands on the system changes. Microstrip or patch antennas are becoming increasingly useful because they can be printed directly onto a circuit board. Microstrip antennas are becoming very widespread within the mobile phone market. Fractal antennas have entered the view of many as a very promising solution. Fractal antennas size can be shrunk from two to four times with surprising good performance over Traditional antenna. Because FEAs(Fractal Element Antenna) are self-loading, no antenna tuning coils or capacitors are necessary. Fractal antenna theory is built, as is the case with conventional antenna theory, on classic electromagnetic theory. Fractal antenna theory uses a modern (fractal) geometry that is a natural extension of Euclidian geometry. Dual and Triple band Fractal circular micro-strip antennas offers increase in bandwidth and gain at all multiband as well as the size of antenna gets reduced.
Keywords: Fractal’s definition, fractal antenna element, types of fractal, fractal geometry, micro-strip antenna.