Environment and Urban Sustainability
Bahieh Rostam Afshar1, Nune Petrosyan2
1Bahieh Rostam Afshar, Department of Architecture, National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia, Yerevan, Armenia.
2Dr. Nune Petrosyan, Associate Professor, Department of Architecture, National University of Architecture and Construction of Armenia, Yerevan, Armenia.
Manuscript received on 8 February 2018 | Revised Manuscript received on 15 February 2018 | Manuscript Published on 28 February 2018 | PP: 27-29 | Volume-7 Issue-5, February 2018 | Retrieval Number: E2495027518/18©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Urbanization is an increase in population of cities over time.This very rapid population growth, proved harmful effect to the city’s survival. In this research, a new approach is introduced for evaluating urban sustainability by relating urbanization and urban planning in Tehran. This is based on the assumption that urban planning is a dynamic profession that works to improve the welfare of people and attractive places for present and future generations. Using this definition, Sustainability Index (SI), can be calculated as [1 – (Vu)], where Vu is Urbanization velocity. When SI is equal to 1, the urban development process is considered to be sustainable. Evaluation of the results indicate that Sustainability Index (SI) presents a more rational basis for evaluation of urban sustainability. Hence, the proposed model is an effective tool to help policy makers to understand whether the urban development process is sustainable or need to be corrected.
Keywords: Urban Sustainability, Urbanization, Urban Planning, Sustainability Index, Urbanization Velocity.
Scope of the Article: Environmental Engineering