Hybrid Response Surface Method-African Buffalo Optimization Technique for Ultrasonic Production of Biodiesel from Waste Cooking Oil using Li doped CaO Nanocatalyst
Upender Kumar1, Pardeep Gupta2
1Upender Kumar*, Mechanical Engineering Department, Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology, Longowal, Sangrur District, Punjab, India
2Prof. Pardeep Gupta, Professor and Dean, Mechanical Engineering Department, Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology, Longowal, Sangrur District, Punjab, India.
Manuscript received on February 10, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on February 25, 2020. | Manuscript published on March 10, 2020. | PP: 1938-1947 | Volume-9 Issue-5, March 2020. | Retrieval Number: E2930039520/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.E2930.039520
Open Access | Ethics and Policies | Cite | Mendeley
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: In the current era, there is an increasing emphasis on green fuels for a clean environment. Authors in this work have tried to devise an innovative method to optimize ultrasonic production of biodiesel from used cooking oil, using composite technique combining Response surface Methodology and African Buffalo optimization. In this research work, heterogeneous catalyst Lithium doped CaO has been obtained from a new natural source by high-temperature thermal decomposition of Musa Balbisiana root ash and tested its Conversion efficiency for conversion of waste cooking oil into methyl esters. It was observed that the catalyst is really effective for the production of biodiesel from even high Free Fatty Acid waste cooking oil. For optimization of production parameters authors have used ABO complemented with RSM to maximize the biodiesel production yield. The maximum biodiesel yield of 96.67% was achieved using ABO which is about 15% higher than provided by RSM which is 81.01%. The highest biodiesel yield of 96.67 % is obtained at 15:1 Molar Ratio with 3.5% catalyst wt. percent, 60 Degree C Temp. in 45 Minutes with an error of 2.5 % in yield prediction by ABO. The work may be utilized by industries and researchers to use ultrasonic reactors optimally to extract better biodiesel volume in very short time instead of presently used slow mechanical stirring tank reactors.
Keywords: African Buffalo Optimization, Biodiesel, Lithium doped CaO, Musa Balbisiana, Response Surface, Waste Cooking Oil.
Scope of the Article: Discrete Optimization