Determination of Water Quality Index for Brahmani River in terms of Physico-Chemical Parameters for suitability of drinking purpose
Himanshu Sekhar Rath1, Mira Das2, U. N. Dash3
1Himanshu Sekhar Rath, Department of Chemistry, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan Deemed to be University/ ITER/ BBSR, India.
2Dr.U.N. Dash, Retired Professor Department of Chemistry, Vani Vihar University/ BBSR, India.
3Dr. Mira Das, Department of Chemistry, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan Deemed to be University/ ITER/ BBSR, India.
Manuscript received on 17 April 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 24 April 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 April 2019 | PP: 613-620 | Volume-8 Issue-6, April 2019 | Retrieval Number: E3131038519/19©BEIESP
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Abstract: In this paper, the water quality standard of Brahmani River, the second largest river of Odisha, is determined using the Water Quality Index. Water samples were collected monthly from nine sampling stations during June -2013 to May-2014, and various parameters were taken into consideration such as pH, EC , biological oxygen demand, total dissolved solids, the concentration of hydrogen ions, dissolved oxygen, turbidity, phosphates, nitrates, chlorides, total hardness, electrical conductivity and alkalinity. The water quality index considered as a metric are good for drinking at the stations one, three, five, six, and nine and poor at station four. The study highlights the significance of make use of the water quality standards at every station to preserve the river quality.
Keyword: Water Quality Index, Total Hardness, Dissolved Oxygen, Biochemical Oxygen Demand, Total Dissolved Solids
Scope of the Article: Bio-Science and Bio-Technology