Optimal Placement of FACTS Devices using ABC Algorithm to Enhance System Performance
Y V Balarama Krishna Rao1, R Srinivasa Rao2, V V K Reddy3

1Y.V. Balarama Krishna Rao, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, JNT University, Kakinada (Andhra Pradesh), India.
2R.Srinivasa Rao, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, JNT University, Kakinada (Andhra Pradesh), India.
3V.V. K. Reddy, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, NBKR Institute of Science and Technology, Nellore (Andhra Pradesh), India.
Manuscript received on 07 March 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 20 March 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 March 2019 | PP: 710-719 | Volume-8 Issue-5, March 2019 | Retrieval Number: E3328038519/19©BEIESP
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Abstract: The interest of power is expanding everyday. Consequently, there is a stamped increment of booked power which streams in the transmission line and an abrupt power trades prompting complex power transmission issues.This can be overcome either by constructing new transmission lines or by extending range of existing loadability limit of transmission lines. The construction of new lines is cost effective, hence this problem is overcome by proper placement FACTS devices. This paper proposes a methodology for optimum location and sizing of Interline Power Flow Controller (IPFC), Thyristor Controlled Phase Shifting Transformer (TCPST) using artificial bee colony (ABC) algorithm. Power injection model of IPFC and TCPST is used to study the effects of parameters of IPFC, TCPST in power flow studies. In this work three objectives considered. They are improving system loadability, reduction of Installation cost, reduction of transmission loss. The adequacy of the proposed strategy is exhibited on 6 transport, IEEE 30 transport, IEEE 57 transport and IEEE118 transport frameworks. The proposed calculation is executed in MATLAB and results got are contrasted and existing writing. The outcomes plainly show that joining of FACTS gadgets in ideal area with suitable parameter setting increases the system loadability, reduced installation cost and reduction in transmission loss. From results it is observed that power flows are improved considerably and a better voltage is obtained.
Keyword: TCPST, IPFC, ABC Algorithm, Optimal Placement, System Loadability, Voltage Profile, Power Flow, Transmission Loss, Installation Cost.
Scope of the Article: Measurement & Performance Analysis