Management of Duhok Governorate Environment by Generating Sustainable Solutions (Rooftop Photovoltaic Systems) In Buildings Instead of Regular Electricity: Environment, Management and Techno-Economic Evaluations
Hüseyin GÖKÇEKUŞ1, Youssef KASSEM2, Ahmed Mohammed Ahmed3

1Hüseyin GÖKÇEKUŞ, Department of Civil Engineering, Near East University, Nicosia, Cyprus.
2Youssef KASSEM, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Near East University, Nicosia, Cyprus.
3Ahmed Mohammed Ahmed *, Department of Civil Engineering, Near East University, Nicosia, Cyprus. 

Manuscript received on March 04, 2021. | Revised Manuscript received on March 30, 2021. | Manuscript published on March 30, 2021. | PP: 73-80 | Volume-10 Issue-5, March 2021 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijitee.E86350310521| DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.E8635.0310521
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Abstract: Population growth and increasing demand for energy have been causing severe environmental problems all over the world. This research is done to find a suitable management way to improve the environmental condition, develop sustainable and economical solutions. This study focused on using Rooftop Photovoltaic Systems for the first time in Duhok governorate, Iraq, due to the rapid growth in the governorate and the great demand for energy, and the high energy production costs. Four regions were chosen in Duhok governorate to install photovoltaic systems. The NASA database as a source for assessing solar energy potential were used. The results show that these areas have enormous potential and annual solar radiation to produce solar energy. The RET Screen expert evaluated the electricity production potential of PV systems. In addition, an economic study of 5kW capacity for grid-Connected rooftop PV projects was carried out in all selected regions. Depending on the financial results and indicators, Rooftop Photovoltaic Systems can be a sustainable and efficient solution to improve the environment and economically installable in the Duhok governorate. 
Keywords: Solar energy, Rooftop Photovoltaic Systems, Renewable energy, NASA database.