Methodology for Effective Daylighting in Courtyard Houses of Composite Climate
Lalit Akash Verma1, Farheen Bano2

1Lalit Akash Verma*, PG Student, Faculty of Architecture and Planning, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University, Lucknow, India.
2Farheen Bano, Associate Professor, Faculty of Architecture and Planning, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University, Lucknow, India. 

Manuscript received on March 22, 2021. | Revised Manuscript received on March 30, 2021. | Manuscript published on March 30, 2021. | PP: 103-116 | Volume-10 Issue-5, March 2021 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijitee.E86870310521| DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.E8687.0310521
Open Access | Ethics and Policies | Cite | Mendeley
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (

Abstract: Studies have shown the relevance of the courtyard houses and passive strategy that plays a significant role in energy reduction, providing thermal comfort and visual comfort. Generally, designing the courtyards was considered suitable for thermal comfort. North India lies in the composite climatic zone, and courtyard houses in this region have a distinctly vernacular style. Many studies all around the world were conducted to analyse courtyard houses and followed different methodologies. The aim of this paper is to uncover and formulate a research methodology to analyse effective daylighting in courtyard houses of composite climate; approximately forty research papers were reviewed to find out the research methodology. The year of publication, climate zone, sky models used, weather file, building type, verifying method, simulation tools, daylight matrices, and methodology adopted were studied in the reviewed literature to formulating the methodology. The study concludes that experimental models were commonly used for daylight analysis, moreover climate-based sky can be used for detailed simulation instead of the Daylight factor with overcast sky conditions. 
Keywords: Calibration, Composite climate, Courtyard houses, Effective daylight, Methodology, Modelling, and Simulation.