A Comparative Analysis of New Ecological Paradigm (NEP), Ecosystem Knowledge, and Students’ Self-Control Based on Gender
I Made Putrawan

I Made Putrawan, Professor, Postgraduate Studies, Department of Environmental Education & Management, State University of Jakarta, Rawamangun, Jakarta, Indonesia. 

Manuscript received on 10 April 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 17 April 2019 | Manuscript Published on 02 June 2019 | PP: 68-71 | Volume-8 Issue-6C2 April 2019 | Retrieval Number: F10130486C219/19©BEIESP

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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open-access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: Objective of this research was to verify whether there is differences of male and female students (gender) concern with ecosystem knowledge, internal-external self-control (LOC) and New Ecological Paradigm (NEP). An Ex post facto used by selecting randomly 362 students from three big city in Indonesia.. There were three instruments developed to measure students’ NEP (62 items, reliability/rel. 0.87), knowledge (17 items, rel. 0.72), and LOC (17 items, rel. 0.63). Data analyzed by t-test and confirmatory factor analysis. Research results revealed that there was no significant differences of male and female students related to ecosystem knowledge, LOC and students’ NEP. The mean of students’ ecosystem knowledge was differ between male and female students found in city of Palembang. It could be concluded that, based on those findings, education has a vital role in affecting non-discrimination treatments among those variables involved based on gender equality. Even though students stay in different cities background, their knowledge about ecosystem, LOC and NEP based on gender have a similarity due to educational system. Based on factor analysis, female students’ NEP has higher internal consistency than male students in term of its factor loading and number of factors omitted. It is argued that female student has wider ecological view and more sensitive in responding the environmental issues, where none of research, so far, reported about this case.

Keywords: Comfirmatory Factor Analysis, Gender Equality, Self-Control (LOC), New Ecological Paradigm (NEP).
Scope of the Article: Environmental Engineering