Application of Machine Learning with Impedance Based Techniques for Structural Health Monitoring of Civil Infrastructure
Zaheer Ahmed1, Jaffar Syed Mohamed Ali2, Mohammed Rafeeq3, Meftah Hrairi4

1Zaheer Ahmed, P.H.D Scholor, International Islamic University Kulalampur, Malaysia.

2Jaffar Syed Mohamed Ali, Department of Mechanical Engineering, International Islamic University Kulalampur, Malaysia.

3Mohammed Rafeeq, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Bearys institute of Technology Mangalore, India.

4Dr. Meftah Hrairi, Department of Mechanical Engineering, International Islamic University Kulalampur, Malaysia.

Manuscript received on 13 April 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 20 April 2019 | Manuscript Published on 26 July 2019 | PP: 1139-1148 | Volume-8 Issue-6S4 April 2019 | Retrieval Number: F12370486S419/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.F1237.0486S419

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Abstract: Increased attentiveness on the environmental and effects of aging, deterioration and extreme events on civil infrastructure has created the need for more advanced damage detection tools and structural health monitoring (SHM). Today, these tasks are performed by signal processing, visual inspection techniques along with traditional well known impedance based health monitoring EMI technique. New research areas have been explored that improves damage detection at incipient stage and when the damage is substantial. Addressing these issues at early age prevents catastrophe situation for the safety of human lives. To improve the existing damage detection newly developed techniques in conjugation with EMI innovative new sensors, signal processing and soft computing techniques are discussed in details this paper. The advanced techniques (soft computing, signal processing, visual based, embedded IOT) are employed as a global method in prediction, to identify, locate, optimize, the damage area and deterioration. The amount and severity, multiple cracks on civil infrastructure like concrete and RC structures (beams and bridges) using above techniques along with EMI technique and use of PZT transducer. In addition to survey advanced innovative signal processing, machine learning techniques civil infrastructure connected to IOT that can make infrastructure smart and increases its efficiency that is aimed at socioeconomic, environmental and sustainable development.

Keywords: SHM, EMI, PZT, Soft Computing, IOT, Concrete, RC Bridges, RC Beam.
Scope of the Article: Communication