Experimental Analysis of Density of Sintered SiCp Reinforced AMMCS using the Response Surface Method
Sujit Das1, R. Behera2, P. K. Bardhan3, S. Patra4, B. Oraon5, G. Sutradhar6

1Sujit Das, Research Scholar, Jadavpur University, Kolkata (West Benga), India.
2R.Behera, Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Seemanta Engineering College, (Orissa), India
3P.K.Bardhan, Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, JIS College of Engineering, Kalyani, India
4S.Patra, Cwiss, Professor, IIT Kharagpur Jadavpur University, Kolkata (West Bengal), India.
5B.Oraon, Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, JIS College of Engineering, Kalyani (West Bengal), India.
6G.Sutradhar, Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, JIS College of Engineering, Kalyani (West Bengal), India.
Manuscript received on 10 November 2013 | Revised Manuscript received on 18 November 2013 | Manuscript Published on 30 November 2013 | PP: 1-6 | Volume-3 Issue-6, November 2013 | Retrieval Number: F1294113613/13©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: The continuous development of technology in automotive manufacturing process demands new solutions which is largely de-pendent on the development of lightweight, non-pollution for the environment materials of improved mechanical properties and also with a low cost production. According with these required characteristics of materials, the aims of this paper were to manufacturing Al-SiCp composites by powder metallurgy (P/M) processing route. Since density is a pre-dominant factor in the performance of powder metallurgy components, it has been primarily considered for the present investigation. An experimental investigation have been undertaken in order to understand the variation of density with respect to the variation of process parameters viz., variation of silicon carbide proportion, compacting pressure and sintering time. The relation among the various process parameters with density has been studied. A mathematical model has been developed using second order response surface model (RSM) with central composite design (CCD) considering the above mentioned process parameters. The mathematical model which developed in this investigation would help in predicting the variation in density with the change in the level of different parameters influencing the density variation. This mathematical model also can be useful for setting of optimum value of the parameters for achieving the target density.
Keywords: Powder Metallurgy, Density, Sintering, Response Surface Model, Central Composite Design.

Scope of the Article: Metallurgy