Follow-up and Kinetic Model Selection of Dinitro Pentamethylene Tetramine (DPT)
Hany A. Elazab1, M. M. Seleet2, Said M. A. Hassanein3, M. A. Radwan4, M. A. Sadek5
1Hany A. Elazab , Department of Chemical Engineering, The British University in Egypt, El Shorouk City, Cairo, Egypt.
2M. M. Seleet , School of Chemical Engineering, Military Technical College, Kobry El-Kobba, Cairo, Egypt.
3Said M. A. Hassanein, School of Chemical Engineering, Military Technical College, Kobry El-Kobba, Cairo, Egypt.
4M. A. Radwan, Department of Chemical Engineering, The British University in Egypt, El Shorouk City, Cairo, Egypt.
5M. A. Sadek, Department of Chemical Engineering, The British University in Egypt, El Shorouk City, Cairo, Egypt.
Manuscript received on 02 June 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 10 June 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 June 2019 | PP: 2862-2866 | Volume-8 Issue-8, June 2019 | Retrieval Number: F3608048619/19©BEIESP
Open Access | Ethics and Policies | Cite | Mendeley | Indexing and Abstracting
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The Synthetic route of Cyclotetramethylene Tetramine is implemented through the reaction of hexamine and nitrating mixture that is formed as a result of a reaction between ammonium nitrate and fuming nitric acid. The reaction medium includes acetic acid, acetic anhydride and p-formaldehyde. This synthetic pathway is relatively long and both of hexamine dinitrate and Dinitro Pentamethylene Tetramine (DPT) are considered as the two main intermediate compounds. The former compound (hexamine dinitrate) was prepared, purified, and then characterized. Conversion of hexamine dinitrate into DPT has been followed up experimentally at different temperatures. Various factors including temperature and time has been investigated. The obtained results were reliable and consistent with the literature. Different kinetic models have been tested. The unreacted core model proved to be applicable, and the surface reaction was found to be controlling.
Keyword: Energetic materials, DPT, Characterization, Analysis techniques, Synthesis, Nitramines, RDX, HMX.
Scope of the Article: Structural Reliability Analysis.