High Octane Number Gasoline-Ether Blend
Tarek M. Aboul-Fotouh1, Sherif K. Ibrahim2, M. A. Sadek3, Hany A. Elazab4
1Tarek M. Aboul – Fotouh, Department of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo 11884, Egypt.
2Sherif K. Ibrahim, Department of Chemical Engineering, The British University in Egypt, El Shorouk City, Cairo, Egypt
3M. A. Sadek, Department of Chemical Engineering, The British University in Egypt, El Shorouk City, Cairo, Egypt
4Hany A. Elazab , Department of Chemical Engineering, The British University in Egypt, El Shorouk City, Cairo, Egypt.
Manuscript received on 27 June 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 05 July 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 July 2019 | PP: 732-739 | Volume-8 Issue-9, July 2019 | Retrieval Number: F3610048619/19©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.F3610.078919
Open Access | Ethics and Policies | Cite | Mendeley | Indexing and Abstracting
© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Gasoline produced in Egypt is a low-grade gasoline that contains high concentration of harmful components that are having a toll on our environment. In addition, those pollutants cause countless diseases and deaths annually to the Egyptian population. This paper targets two main sectors in the production of commercial gasoline. The improvement engine efficiency through the upgrading of octane number is first experimented by using a blendstock that ranges from gasoline fractions and Isomerates. An optimum was then chosen depending on the results obtained from different tests. Through those experiments, it was determined which samples obeyed the EU regulation for transportation emissions. Having an excellent gasoline with a high octane number but produced large quantities of harmful emissions was unacceptable. This leads to the section aim of this research, which was to produce an environmental gasoline. This meant that once the gasoline sample is combusted, it should produce limited amounts of emissions such as 1% benzene since benzene is carcinogenic. A sample with euro 3 specification was produced and showed excellent gasoline properties such as an RON value of around 95 without the use of octane enhancers. A second sample showed better results satisfied euro 5 regulations and produced an even higher octane number than the euro 3 sample. This sample was the optimum environmental ETBE-gasoline high octane number blend. By understanding the composition of those samples, maximum yield of commercial gasoline could be produced. This would also lead to the reduction of pollutants in the environment.
Completing this task with successful results means that this environmental high octane number gasoline could be produced and used in Egypt. Such blends should be produced on a large scale by exercising euro 3 and/or 5 regulations.
Index Terms: High Octane Number, Gasoline – Ether Blend, Crude Oil, Blendstock
Scope of the Article: Social Sciences