Typological Bacteriological Quality of the Gharb Water Table-Morocco
N. Ait Said1, S. Sadek2, K. EL Bouqdaoui3, A. Tajjiou4, Abd. Hamdan5, Abd. Elmniai6
1N. Ait Said, Laboratory Biotechnology, Quality and Environment, University Ibn Tofal, City Kénitra, Country Name.
2S.Sadek, Laboratory Biotechnology, Quality and Environment, University Ibn Tofal, City Kénitra, Country Name.
3K. EL Bouqdaoui, Laboratory of Environmental sciences, Faculty of Science Ain Chok. Hassan II University, Country Morocco.
4A.Tajjiou, Department of Biological Sciences and Veterinary Pharmaceuticals, Unit of Physiology and Therapeutics, Agronomic and Veterinary Institute Hassan II, BP. 6202, Rabat-Institutes, Morocco. Department of Biochemistry Immunology, Faculty of Sciences, Mohammed V University, Rabat, Morocco.
5Abd. Hamdan,Ibn Tofail Faculty of Science, Laboratory of Agro-physiology, Biotechnology, Environment and Quality, Kenitra, Morocco.
6Abderrahim Elmniai, Laboratoire Pathologie Humaine, Biomédecine et Environnement. Faculté de Médecine et de Pharmacie De fès, Faculté des Sciences et Techniques Fès.
Manuscript received on 01 May 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 15 May 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 May 2019 | PP: 75-78 | Volume-8 Issue-7, May 2019 | Retrieval Number: F3615048619/19©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Waterborne diseases are generally caused by enteric pathogens belonging to the group of organisms that are mainly transmitted by the fecal-oral route. In other words, they are mainly excreted in feces by infected individuals and ingested by others in the form of water or faecally contaminated food. Some pathogens may be of animal origin. Water can also play a role in the transmission of pathogens that are not excreted by feces.This study was carried out on 60 wells in the Gharb region in order to know the quality of the water table; samples were collected in three cities: Sidi Kacem, Macheraa Belksiri and Sidi Alal Tazi were analyzed for pollution indicator organisms (faecal coliforms and faecal streptococci, as well as anaerobic spores-sulphite-reducing agents. enumeration of the bacteria was done by the filtration technique and by incorporation in supercooled solid medium.The results showed that well water was substandard because of the presence of faecal coliform pollution indicators, faecal streptococci. In contrast, pathogenic germs, however, the concentrations of microbial indicators monitored differ according to the location of wells compared to different sources of contamination.Pollution of these wells has generally been linked to non-compliance with hygienic drawdown conditions. The bacteriological quality of the waters of these wells can be improved by adequate protection.
Keyword: Bacteriological quality, Well water, Food industry, Gharb slick.
Scope of the Article: Water Supply and Drainage.