Automatic Train Protection (ATP) and Signaling with Accident Avoidance System for Indian Railways
Sakshi Singh1, Jitesh Kumar2

1Sakshi Singh*, Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, Teerthanker Mahaveer University, Moradabad, UP, India.
2Jitesh Kumar, Department of Electronics Engineering, Teerthanker Mahaveer University, Moradabad, UP, India.
Manuscript received on March 15, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on March 25, 2020. | Manuscript published on April 10, 2020. | PP: 986-990 | Volume-9 Issue-6, April 2020. | Retrieval Number: F4088049620/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.F4088.049620
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Abstract: Automatic Train Protection (ATP) and signaling with accident avoidance system for Indian Railways is proposed in this paper which aims to develop p a prototype of a safety system for unmanned level crossing areas and to avoid train accidents due to collisions and obstacles. The system consists of two Arduino Uno boards, two IR Sensors, two traffic lights on both sides of the track, servomotor controlled gate and an ultrasonic sensor to stop the train in case of any obstacle in front of running train .According to the INDIAN RAILWAYS ANNUAL REPORT AND ACCOUNTS 2014-15 [1] the main cause of accidents were carelessness on unmanned level crossings and the number of injured and killed were maximum due to this reason mentioned in [1]. The proposed system has automatic traffic light signaling on both sides of the track which indicates the traffic to stop while the train is moving and the gates on both sides of the track will automatically close to stop the transport and open after train crosses the other end. The proposed system will also provide safety for train collisions. This logic was applied in Embedded C and programmed to the Arduino Uno. 
Keywords: Arduino, Unmanned level Crossing, IR Sensor, Microcontroller, Ultrasonic Sensor, Servomotor
Scope of the Article: Logic, Functional programming and Microcontrollers for IoT