A YOLO based Technique for Early Forest Fire Detection
Sidhant Goyal1, MD Shagill2, Arwinder Kaur3, Harpreet Vohra4, Ashima Singh5

1Mr. Sidhant Goyal, Student, Bachelors of Engineering, Computer Science and Engineering Integrated With MBA, Thapar Institute of Engineering & Technology
2Mr. MD Shagill, Student, Bachelors of Engineering, computer science and engineering integrated with MBA, Thapar Institute of Engineering & Technology, Patiala. Punjab, India.
3Ms. Arwinder Dhillon, Ph.D, Computionational Bioinformatics in Computer Science and Engineering Department, at Thapar Institute of Engineering & Technology, Patiala. Punjab, India.
4Dr. Harpreet Vohra, Assistant professor, Electronics and Communication Engineering Department,  Thapar Institute of Engineering & Technology, Patiala. Punjab, India.
5Dr. Ashima Singh, Assistant Professor, Computer Science and Engineering Department, Thapar Institute of Engineering & Technology, Patiala.
Manuscript received on March 15, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on March 25, 2020. | Manuscript published on April 10, 2020. | PP: 1357-1362 | Volume-9 Issue-6, April 2020. | Retrieval Number: F4106049620/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.F4106.049620
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Abstract: Forest fires, wildfires and bushfires are a global environmental problem that causes serious damage each year. The most significant factors in the fight against forest fires involve earliest possible detection of the fire, flame or smoke event, proper classification of the fire and rapid response from the fire departments. In this paper, we developed an automatic early warning system that incorporates multiple sensors and state of the art deep learning algorithm which has a minimum number of false positives and give a good accuracy in real time data and in the lowest cost possible to our drone to monitor forest fire as early as possible and report it to the concerned authority. The drones will be equipped with sensors, Raspberry pi 3, neural stick, APM 2.5, GPS, Wifi. The neural stick will be used for real time image processing using our state-of-the-art deep learning model. And as soon as forest fire is detected the UAV will send an alert message to the concerned authority on the mobile App along with location coordinates of the fire, image and the amount of area in which forest is spread using a mesh messaging. So that immediate action will be taken to stop it from spreading and causing loss of millions of lives and money. Using both deep learning and infrared cameras to monitor the forest and surrounding area, we will take advantage of recent advances in multi-sensor surveillance technologies. This innovative technique helps the forest department to detect fire in first 12 hours of its initialization , which is the most effective time to control the fire. 
Keywords: Wild Fire, Forest fire, Early Detection, Images Data, Deep Learning, Survival Analysis, Supervised Learning, CNN
Scope of the Article: Machine/ Deep Learning with IoT & IoE.