Addition of Criteria for the Drought Level Vulnerability to the Reservoir Location Priority
Dini Mandrianawati1, Dyah Ari Wulandari2, Pranoto Samto Atmojo3
1Dini Mandrianawati*, Student of Master Degree Program of Civil Engineering Department, Diponegoro University, Indonesia.
2Dyah Ari Wulandari, Lecturer in Master Degree Program of Civil Engineering Department, Diponegoro University, Indonesia.
3Pranoto Samto Atmojo, Lecturer in Master Degree Program of Civil Engineering Department, Diponegoro University, Indonesia.
Manuscript received on March 15, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on March 29, 2020. | Manuscript published on April 10, 2020. | PP: 1635-1640 | Volume-9 Issue-6, April 2020. | Retrieval Number: F4139049620/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.F4139.049620
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Blora regency is mostly a water critical region during dry seasons due to its porous soil characteristic. In order to overcome this condition, in 2006, Indonesian Ministry of Public Works and Housing, through Mettana Engineering Consultant, conducted a Study of Identification and Basic Design Development of Reservoirs in Blora Regency. It determined 28 future reservoir locations by considering their technical, economical and socio-environmental aspects. However, for the reservoirs to be the most effective, it is necessary to include regional drought vulnerability aspect into consideration to determine their location priority. The main purpose of this research, to conduct an analysis of meteorogical drought vulnerability in Blora regency region.In more detail the main goal is to determine reservoir location priority in Blora regency region by considering meteorogical drought vulnerability aspect. Drought Index was calculated using SPI (Standardized Precipitation Index ) method using 2009-2018 monthly precipitation data obtained from 15 precipation stations. Mapping of drought vulnerable regions was done using GIS (Geographic Information System) technology using spatial interpolation approach. This research determined new priority, different from that determined by Mettana Engineering Consultant. Priority 1 formerly consisted of Suruhan, Kedungwungu, Bangsri, Sambong and Kalisari reservoirs while the new one consisted of Polaman 1, Polaman 2, Suruhan and Jurangjero reservoirs. Suruhan reservoir appeared in both versions. Kedungwungu, Bangsri, Sambong and Kalisari reservoirs moved to priority 2 in the new priority since they were located in low drought level regions while Polaman 1, Polaman 2 and Jurangjero reservoirs moved to priority 1 since they were located in moderately high to moderate drought level regions. It indicated that is necessary to include drought vulnerability aspect into consideration in determining reservoir location, along with technical, economical and socio-enviromental aspects. The government then may employ this aspect as an additional criteria in developing future reservoir construction program to be more effective that targets drought vulnerable regions
Keywords: Drought Index, Priority, Reservoir, Spatial Interpolation.
Scope of the Article: Addressing & Location Management