Novel Simulation and Optimization for the Production of Green Products I.E., Green Gasoline, Green Diesel and Green Waxes
Dr. Sourav Poddar, Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India.
Manuscript received on March 12, 2020. | Revised Manuscript received on March 22, 2020. | Manuscript published on April 10, 2020. | PP: 1428-1436 | Volume-9 Issue-6, April 2020. | Retrieval Number: F4569049620/2020©BEIESP | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.F4569.049620
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: During the last decagon, there has been expanding international worry over the rise of anthropogenic CO2 discharge into the Earth’s atmosphere. The application of CO2 into a valuable asset is a major concern. The generation of syn gas and then usage of the syn gas into liquid fuel, seems to be one of the promising options in terms of industrial employment, as it offers several advantages: (a) reduction of CO2 , (b) conversion of gases, specially bio-gas, natural gas, LPG, and etc. and CO2 into syngas (c) producing syngas with H2 /CO2 ratio 1:1.9 to 1:2.1 which may further be used for the generation of valuable petrochemicals. The present research focusses on the gas to liquid conversion using the simulating software, Aspen Plus ®. The outcomes are then subjected to Design Expert ® for calculation of the optimal generation rate. The feedstocks used for the proposed present examination are bio-gas or pyro-gas, natural gas and LPG. The research scheme, gas to liquid conversion is carried out using three steps: (a) gas (feedstock) to syngas from the combination of dry reforming and steam reforming of methane, (b) Fischer Tropsch process to produce long chains of hydrocarbons and (c) usage of unconverted CO and H2 and other alcohol derivates in the CHP unit for the production of electricity. Amongst all the feedstocks natural gas production or generation is maximum followed by bio-gas or pyro-gas and then LPG. Due to non-available resources of natural gas and generation of GHG emission, for countries like India, bio-gas or pyro-gas can be used as a promising sustainable feedstock for reducing GHG emission and global warming. The outcomes of Aspen Plus ® of biogas or pyro-gas are then subjected to Design Expert ® for the prediction of the maximal production. It can be confirmed that with 6997.54 kg/h of biogas flowrate and 99.39% recycling of CO2 , the production of green gasoline, green diesel and green waxes are 565.24 (kg/h), 545.45(kg/h) and 642.68 (kg/h) respectively. The outcomes are in good agreement with the theories, thus proving the process to be a realistic one in nature. Therefore, bringing its viability for India in terms of reduction in CO2 emission and development of gas to liquid conversion process.
Keywords: Dry reforming of methane, Aspen plus ®, Green Products i.e., Green Gasoline, Green Diesel and Green waxes, CO2 Valorization, Fischer Tropsch