Routing Protocols for Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks
Seema S1, R. Ambik2

1Seema S, Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya Institute of Technology, Bangalore, India.

2Dr. R. Ambika, Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering, BMS Institute of Technology and Management, Bangalore, India.

Manuscript received on 08 April 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 15 April 2019 | Manuscript Published on 26 April 2019 | PP: 596-600 | Volume-8 Issue-6S April 2019 | Retrieval Number: F61210486S19/19©BEIESP

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Abstract: Underwater wireless sensor networks (UWSNs) are extensively used in ocean exploration applications, such as ocean monitoring, pollution detection, ocean resource management, underwater device maintenance, etc. In underwater acoustic sensor networks, routing protocol design is an attractive research topic since it guarantees reliable and effective data transmission from the source node to the destination node. Out of many routing algorithms that have been proposed in recent years, energy efficient routing protocols are the challenge. In this paper, the challenging issues in designing the routing protocols that have been discussed, which can provide researchers with clear and direct insights for further research. In addition, this paper provides a survey of different simulation tools available for UWSN simulation.

Keywords: Energy Efficient, Routing Protocols, Simulation Tools, Topology Control, Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks.
Scope of the Article: Communication