Gasification of MSW and Biomass using Aspen Plus®
Nguyen L. Hoang

Nguyen L. Hoang, Research Scholar, Innovative Technologies for High-Tech Industries, Moscow Power Engineering Institute, Moscow, Russia.

Manuscript received on 17 April 2023 | Revised Manuscript received on 24 April 2023 | Manuscript Accepted on 15 May 2023 | Manuscript published on 30 May 2023 | PP: 22-25 | Volume-12 Issue-6, May 2023 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijitee.F95360512623 | DOI: 10.35940/ijitee.F9536.0512623

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Abstract: Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) refers to solid waste generated by towns and cities from different types of household activities1. Over 2 billion tons of MSW are produced annually. Improper disposal can lead to adverse health outcomes through water, soil and air contamination. Hazardous waste or unsafe waste treatment such as open burning can directly harm waste workers or other people involved in waste burning and neighbouring communities. At the same time, in order to keep up with the need in development, the energy demand also increasing. Therefore, utilize MSW to produce energy is gaining more recognition from public interest. Gasification offers some advantages over traditional method of utilize MSW (incineration, compost). Gasification plants produce significantly lower quantities of air pollutants. The process reduces the environmental impact of waste disposal because it allows for the use of waste products as a feedstock. In this paper, Aspen Plus software was deployed to assess and predict the outcome of the gasification process of MSW. The model was calibrated and validated with various observed data. The condition of input MSW and biomass, as well as the gasification agent were considered. The results revealed that primary products of gasification process are similar to other previously conducted experiments. 
Keywords: MSW, Gasification, Waste to Energy, Biomass, Aspen Plus.
Scope of the Article: MSW