Evaluation of Different Materials for Biodiesel Production
Alnuami W1, Buthainah A2, Etti C. J3, Jassim L. I4, Gomes G. A. C5

1Alnuami W, Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Putra Engineering University, Serdang, Malaysia.
2Buthainah A, Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Putra Engineering University, Serdang Malaysia.
3Etti C. J, Department of Agriculture and Food Engineering, University, Uyo Akwa Ibom State Nigeria.
4Jassim L. I, Institute of Advance Technology, Putra University, Malaysia.
5Gomes G. A. C, Department of Electrical &Electronics Engineering, Putra University, Malaysia UPM Serdang Selangor
Manuscript received on 11 January 2014 | Revised Manuscript received on 20 January 2014 | Manuscript Published on 30 January 2014 | PP: 60-65 | Volume-3 Issue-8, January 2014 | Retrieval Number: G1354123713/14©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Abstract: The challenges of the dwindling supply of fossil fuels and environmental pollutions caused by them are of growing concerns in the world today. Theincrease in world population has resulted in higher consumption of fossil fuel leading to a reduction in petroleum reserves,which are finite and found only in a few regions of the world. Hence, it becomes necessary to look for alternative fuel that is cheap and can be produced from readily available materials. Biodiesel is a renewable energy derived from vegetable oil and animal fats by transesterificationwith methanol and is widely adopted in many countries around the world as an alternative form of energy resource. It has been found to be a very good substitute for petroleum diesel with several advantages such as lower toxicity, higher flash and fire points than the petroleum diesel meaning that they are less flammable hence they are safer to handle, better biodegradable and higher lubricity than the petroleum diesel which means that an engine run on biodiesel will be less prone to wear and will last longer. The high cost of biodiesel is a major setback to its commercialization. And is mainly due to the high cost of raw materialsit’s the production. Therefore, identifying the right and readily available material that will give good biodiesel yield with good fuel properties and performance dynamic efficiency is very important. This Paperevaluates the different materials that are suitable for biodiesel production as an alternative source of fuel.
Keywords: Alternative Fuel, Biodiesel, Petroleum Fuel, Transesterification, Triglycerides

Scope of the Article: Production