Maximum Sunlight Tracking Using Single Axis Solar Panel Prototype with Simulation
Dr. Sandeep Gupta, Department of Electrical Engineering, JECRC University, Jaipur (Rajasthan) India.
Manuscript received on 01 May 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 15 May 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 May 2019 | PP: 221-225 | Volume-8 Issue-7, May 2019 | Retrieval Number: G5142058719/19©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The sun is the most abundant source of renewable energy available on the earth. It provides enough energy in an hour to be used by the world for a whole year. Photovoltaic (PV) technology is one of the finest ways to capitalize the solar energy. Generally quiescent solar panels are used for harnessing the solar energy. Therefore, this paper includes the simulation, modeling procedures and results of a single axis solar tracking PV system prototype. The simulation of the tracking system has been provided using schematic modeling in proteus software. For compact size and reliability of the required circuits, PCB designing has been carried out in Eagle software. For controlling operations of the hardware, arduino is programmed and installed. For the prototype implementation, the design and construction of a microcontroller-based solar panel tracking system is also used. In this paper, the microcontroller named ‘Arduino UNO (Atmega 328)’ is utilized to give the signal to the motor that will move the solar panel along with the sun to gain maximum sunlight angle. A comparative report between the voltage output of the static solar panel and the single axis solar tracking system is also presented.
Keyword: Single axis tracking; Solar panel; Arduino Software; PCB; Micro controller; LDR Sensor.
Scope of the Article: Emulation and Simulation Methodologies for IoT.