Productive Qualities of Gray Mountain Caucasian Bees of Type Krasnopolyansky
Sergey Vladimirovich Svistunov1, Nina Nikolaevna Bondarenko2, Andrey Georgievich Koshchaev3, Dmitry Alexandrovich Normov4, Vladimir Nikolaevich Shevkopljas5, Olga Petrovna Neverova6, Anatoly Michailovich Smirnov7
1Sergey Vladimirovich Svistunov, Krasnaya Polyana experimental station of beekeeping – branch Federal budgetary scientific institution “Federal scientific center of beekeeping”, Sochi, Russia; Krasnodar Research Center for Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine, Krasnodar, Russia.
2Nina Nikolaevna Bondarenko, Kuban State Agrarian University named after I. T. Trubilin, Krasnodar, Russia.
3Andrey Georgievich Koshchaev, Kuban State Agrarian University named after I. T. Trubilin, Krasnodar, Russia.
4Dmitry Alexandrovich Normov, Kuban State Agrarian University named after I. T. Trubilin, Krasnodar, Russia.
5Vladimir Nikolaevich Shevkopljas, Moscow state Academy of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnology – MVA by K.I. Skryabin, Moscow, Russia.
6Olga Petrovna Neverova, Urals State Agrarian University, Yekaterinburg, Russia.
7Anatoly Michailovich Smirnov, All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Veterinary Sanitation, Hygiene and Ecology, Moscow, Russia
Manuscript received on 05 May 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 12 May 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 May 2019 | PP: 631-635 | Volume-8 Issue-7, May 2019 | Retrieval Number: G5492058719/19©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The article discusses the research aimed at studying the productive qualities of gray mountain Caucasian bees of type Krasnopolyansky and improvements in breeding them. The study was based on the data of zootechnical accounting performed in 2018 at the apiaries where comparative assessment of the diversity and the differentiation of gray mountain Caucasian bees’ populations had been previously performed based on the morphometric analysis and microsatellites for identifying the differences in the structure of the genealogical tree of gray mountain Caucasian bees of type Krasnopolyansky built for seven loci of microsatellites and three morphological features. Four groups of medium strength of bee colonies were formed (for each apiary). All apiaries were geographically isolated from each other. During the experiment, the bee colonies were self-sufficient in carbohydrate and protein food. The amount of sealed brood was assessed three times in 12 days’ periods using a frame-mesh. The following were determined: the average daily egg production by queen bees in the spring and before the main honey flow; the number of bees grown in the spring and by the beginning of the main honey flow. After comparative assessment of the bee colonies’ productivity, the group with the best development of the bees before the main honey flow was identified. Queen bees in this group were on average by 16 % superior in terms of egg production to gray mountain Caucasian queen bees of type Krasnopolyansky, while in the other three bee colonies, according to the latest accounting, the average daily egg production by queen bees was 1,933 – 2,242 pcs. This apiary will be further used in breeding for identifying queen bees, the offsprings of which will inherit the economically useful features, and which can potentially become ancestors of new bee lines with the productivity increased by at least 15 %. Index Terms:
Keyword: Honeybee, Beekeeping, Queen bee, Efficiency, Egg Productivity, Gray Mountain Caucasian bees of Type Krasnopolyansky.
Scope of the Article: Gray Mountain