Clustering Protocols in Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks: A Communication Approach Overview
A.Rehash Rushmi Pavitra1, E. Srie Vidhya Janani2

1A. Rehash Rushmi Pavitra, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Anna University Regional Campus Madurai (Tamil Nadu), India.
2Dr. E, Srie Vidhya Janani, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Anna University Regional Campus Madurai (Tamil Nadu), India.
Manuscript received on 01 May 2019 | Revised Manuscript received on 15 May 2019 | Manuscript published on 30 May 2019 | PP: 1824-1827 | Volume-8 Issue-7, May 2019 | Retrieval Number: G5898058719/19©BEIESP
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Abstract: Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs) reveal a diverse range of applications among varied networks where sensors are deployed for exploring resourceful activities such as tactical surveillance, ocean monitoring, offshore analysis, oceanographic data collection and instrument observing. All these activities are based on the number of sensors deployed in ocean for data collection and communication. Naturally, underwater medium through which the data transmits from source to destination i.e. network is volatile. Despite, sensing and transmitting over a selective range in UWSNs signifies to be challenging with relevance to limited bandwidth, long propagation delay and severe multipath fading. This research explicitly defines the recent proposed routing protocols in terms of clustering techniques. In addition, the research work revealed the summary of clustering protocols in UWSNs together suggesting future research exploration in the field of underwater environments.
Keyword: UWSNs, Sensors, Clustering, Routing Protocols, Underwater Communications.
Scope of the Article: Wireless Communications.